And even if you understand what everything means, it’s hard to know whether or not that’s a good choice giving your lifestyle and carpet use. They can tolerate heavy foot traffic for decades and are easily cleaned time and time again. This type of carpet is easy to clean and durable; it doesn’t catch much dirt or debris, and it can stand up … Having a high face-weight value doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s good quality. Pile carpeting is a blanket term that conveys to someone else that a particular rug or carpet has a measurable height. As a general rule, as pile height increases, the carpet becomes softer and more luxurious but also harder to clean. Measure the width of the tread, the horizontal part of the stair. If the carpet is oval, fold it in half (widthwise), and measure along the crease to determine the length. What You Need to Know Before Installing Carpet, DIFFERENT TYPES OF CARPET : MATERIAL | Carpet Guides. Note: Be sure to include the underlay in your measurement, most (99.9%) domestic homes have a 10mm underaly and will fall into the thick pile category The drawback of low-pile carpet is its feeling. Generally there are two products made in the pile of a carpet, the first being polypropylene, carpets made from 100% polypropylene are classed as stainfree and can be cleaned with a bleach detergent. Medium-pile carpet sits right between low and high piles, offering a balance of options. With that said, it is ideal for living rooms where children play and dining rooms where people eat. The longer fibers may help dampen sound, and they offer a softer landing if your little one falls. A carpet’s density is a measure of the weight of the pile yarn corrected for the height of the yarn. Viewing a carpet's pile height in addition to its density is critical in determining carpet quality. Although in residential carpets, face-weight is usually between 35 and 60 ounces. A carpet with a low density number risks “uglying out” before it actually wears out. Why? Measure the width from wall to wall. There are important parts of the durability puzzle that are not specifications. To measure for carpet, start by deciding which side of your house will represent the length and which side will represent the width, which will help you keep your measurements consistent. The smoother surface that low pile carpet offers allows chairs or toys to move across your flooring with ease. This blog post will give you a breakdown of the different types of pile, how a rug's pile height can affect your room's decor and care guidelines for the different types of pile. These carpets are sometimes known as cut-and-loop or patterned carpets. Carpet density is basically a combination of height and thickness. Let’s start by making an important clarification…This article is about the specifications that impact your carpet durability. While you can find pile height higher than ¾ inch on occasion, they are usually labeled with a plush pile height. You can also vacuum and clean these types of carpets easier without as much dirt, pet hair and other debris getting stuck in the fibers. In the formula above, we represent the pile height as a fraction of an inch. In the above formula, pile height should be represented as a fraction of an inch, reflected in decimal format. Low pile carpet’s flatter surface makes it easier to remove stains quickly and thoroughly. (30 X 36 ÷ 0.50 = 2160) In this example, what we know is that the face weight is 30 ounces and the pile height is 0.5 (one half inch). The Pile Height measurement is not usually shown on the carpet sample, however all you need is a tape measure. The height of the pile is the actual height of a rug measured from the rug backing to the top of the rug surface. Medium – ¼ to ½ inch. Flooring Brokers: Rug Pile Height: What to Know Before You Buy. Rug pile is essentially the density of a rug’s fibers. as spillages can be easily cleaned up and have a lot less likelyhood of leaving stains. The backing itself should not be included in this measurement. Some low-pile carpets may feel coarse on your bare feet, which doesn't fit well in an area such as your bedroom or living room where you want a comfortable feeling. A cut carpet pile has ends that are cut, while loop carpet fibers remain uncut, creating a looped effect with the yarn. Face weight is the amount of fiber in ounces per square yard. 3 Styles of Pile Carpets . One advantage of a low-pile carpet is the strength it offers. This is the recipe for success used in offices, airports and banks all across America. Formula: Face-Weight x 36 ÷ Pile Height = Pile Density (e.g.) Carpet is laid in a single piece wherever possible, unlike a floor covering such as carpet tiles, therefore to accommodate corners and nooks in the layout of a room there is often some considerable wastage. Carpet can be looped, with a low-profile pile construction, which is known for maintaining its appearance, or have loops of different heights to form a textured pile. Longer pile usually equals a softer feel, while a shorter pile generally equates to a more rugged, durable texture. Loop carpet often has a tighter construction and is often more durable than cut carpet, making it the perfect solution for the busiest areas of your home. 1. You'll notice this type of carpet is softer than low-pile carpet, and it's easier to vacuum with less dirt getting trapped in it than high-pile carpet. Lay your tape measure against the wall at one end of your room, and then extend it to the opposite wall. It goes in hand with pile height, which is the thickness of a rug measured from the surface of a rug to its backing. Face weight 2. This height does not include the carpet backing, just the soft part that’s actually showing. Carpet Piles are the name given to the carpet’s fiber. Then, measure the length and width of each room in your home. For more behind the scenes information about … To calculate carpet density, use the formula of face weight x 36 / pile height. Capet Face-weight is the weight of the carpet’s fibers (not including the carpet’s backing weight). For example, a 35 ounce face weight carpet with a half inch pile height would have a pile density rating of 2520 (35 x 36 divided by .5 = 2520). Longer fibers can feel looser yet comfortable. For most commercial applications, a carpet density of 4,000 to 7,000 is considered suitable, with high traffic areas requiring densities of 5,000 or more. You also get more texture because the surface is often imperfect and fluffy. The influence of the different structure parameters (carpet pile density and pile height) on the carpet properties was investigated. You can choose from different types of cut carpet, including frieze, shag, Saxony and velvet, each of which vary in the texture and twist in the fibers. You love the luxurious look that full, fluffy, carpet offers. Carpet pile is all of the visible fibers you see on the surface. Shorter pile rugs will, as a rule, last a bit longer than longer piles. The amount of fiber used in the carpet pile often plays a major role in determining the production cost for any given rug. You often see the greater pile height on shag-style carpet. She has first-hand experience with tiling, painting, refinishing hardwood floors, installing lighting, roofing and many other home improvement projects. Pile height, then, is the height or length of those fibers. Fiber height is the length of each carpet fiber from the backing to the tip of the strand itself. Note this number as the width. Cut carpet tends to have a softer, denser feel, but it doesn't tend to hold up as well as loop-pile carpet. Carpet pile density and pile height are the main structure parameters of carpets, which have an influence on resulting deformations during compression. Pile height is the height of the carpet fibers, excluding the backing. Carpet Pile Height is how "tall" a carpet's fibers are. Higher-pile carpet adds more of a cushioning effect to your floors, which can be helpful if you have kids. Understanding your carpet specifications is the only way of knowing if your carpet will tolerate the level of traffic you have home and how long it will last. Denser carpets will last longer and feel more comfortable underneath bare feet. The cost to hire a Carpet Installer to measure your home might be $75 to $125 or more for a large or complicated home, but could be well worth the … Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Carpet pile height is a particularly interesting area, and one that has been subject to a little confusion.. Australian Standard AS1428.1-2009 is referenced under both the Disability (Access to Premises – Buildings) Standards 2010 (Premises Standards) and the current Building Code of Australia (BCA). Some carpet fibers are denser than others. Weight and Carpet Style Obviously, styles of carpet are constructed differently, and you cannot make comparisons of two different construction styles based solely on face weight, For example, Berbers tend to have lower face weights than saxonies, because of their low pile and relatively low number of fibers. Rug pile can be cut or left in loops, thick or thin, soft or coarse. You’d like to carpet a dining room or playroom. The number you’ll get from the formula will be a four-digit number. Measure the width and the length of this area; (including the height and width of the top step) and multiply measurements to calculate how much carpet you’ll need. The height of carpet pile carpet density rating takes into account a combination of fiber thickness and how tightly the strands are woven. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This style of carpet typically has a looser appearance and looks and feels fluffy. Our simple guide to the types of carpet available for UK homes, from cheap carpets to luxury woven carpets. Compare the types of pile and the height options to decide which one can hold up to the foot traffic in your space. Measuring Stairs. Learn how your comment data is processed. In other words, if you measure the carpet face weight (which is given in ounces), multiply it by 36, and divide it by the pile height (the height of the carpet fiber measured in fractions of an inch), you’ll get the density, which is given in oz / cubic yard. Although there are several different subcategories of carpet styles, all fall within one of these three groups. There’are many types of carpets and carpet specifications aren’t easy to understand. Obviously, the higher a carpet extends the more material it consists of which in turn bumps up the price. Remember that colour is often difficult to match between batches of carpet, so purchase all you need from the same shop and the same roll. Rug pile refers to the visible tufts of yarn on a rug’s surface. Shorter Is Stronger. Note this number as the length. In the above formula, pile height should be represented … Here is a quick guide to help you with initial estimates. Do the same for the other two walls in the opposite direction. Crushes more easily than short pile carpets; This type of carpet is ideal for people with children, pets or like the odd glass of red wine! If you want your carpet to last longer, I recommend a Carpet Pile Height of less the 3/4″. Pile varies from one carpet design to another, ranging from a right flat pile all the way to a long shag pile. The length of a carpet's individual fibers determines whether it has a tall pile, like shag carpet, or a short and flat pile. She keeps her DIY skills fresh with regular projects around the house and extensive writing work on the topic. Convert the measurement into a decimal for calculating purposes. However, if you catch a loop on furniture or other items, you can pull it out or create a longer run in the carpet, which becomes a noticeable blemish on your floor. The Pile Height measurement is not usually shown on the carpet sample, however all you need is a tape measure. CHOOSE YOUR CARPET HEIGHT. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. face weight and a lower pile height. Despite its taller loops, high pile carpet is less likely to flatten than low carpet options. These shorter-pile rugs tend to hold up better than carpets with a longer pile. Posted: (2 days ago) divided by carpet pile height equals density, measured in ounces per cubic yard The pile height is the length of the carpet fibers from their end tips to the point where they reach the carpet backing. This is how the APYD formula calculates density: (36 x pile weight in ounces ) ÷ pile height in inches = carpet density in ounces per cubic yard. Example= One half inch (1/2″) is equal to (.5) decimal. On stairs, I recommend a Carpet Pile Height of 1/2″ or less and a Carpet Padding thickness of 7/16″ or less and a Pile Density Rating of at least 8-pounds. Measure the length using the distance from one wall to the opposite wall. We can now use Rule #1 to determine the Pile Density Rating. This carpet may feel less inviting and not as soft as a style with longer fibers. Pro! Low-pile carpets usually have a tighter weave, a more dense quality and a smoother surface. A sculptured carpet has both looped and cut-pile fibers, which creates height and texture variations in the surface of the carpet. This height does not include the carpet backing, just the soft part that's actually showing. For example, a 35 ounce face weight carpet with a half inch pile height would have a pile density rating of 2520 (35 x 36 divided by.5 = 2520). Pile height is simply the length of a rug's pile. It doesn't look good! Before you measure average carpet pile height. Stairs are well trafficked and feet will always fall in the same areas, so keep pile height here to 1/2”. Which are the carpet specifications we’re going to be talking about. High-pile carpet: 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch. Required fields are marked *. Or why some may appear to be better quality. Take my free carpet foot traffic test to see what grade of carpet may be best for your application and foot traffic level. In other words, if you measure the carpet face weight (which is given in ounces), multiply it by 36, and divide it by the pile height (the height of the carpet Shorter pile height avoids crushing and fraying. This blog post will give you a breakdown of the different types of pile, how a rug's pile height can affect your room's decor and care guidelines for the different types of pile. Sometimes, carpets are even higher than 3/4 inch and are described as plush. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It's still relatively easy to vacuum medium-pile carpet with a regular vacuum. The Pile Height measurement is not usually shown on the carpet sample, however all you need is a tape measure to determine a close guess. Rug pile can be cut or left in loops, thick or thin, soft or coarse. I generally recommend a pile height … Go for a higher pile if you want a soft feeling underfoot. The silky speckled grey shade of Super Saxony 850 will be sure to complement any room with any decor! Soft and silky to the touch, treat your feet to this indulgent carpet range. How To Judge Carpet Quality The main aspects of carpet quality involve carpet density, twist, and pile height. Shelley Frost combines her love of DIY and writing in her freelance career. If it does include the backing it’s called Total Carpet Weight. In general, the longer the pile gets, the softer the rug feels. as spillages can be easily cleaned up and have a lot less likelyhood of leaving stains. Here is the estimated area for your stairs. Carpet Rule # 2: But don’t include the carpet backing! We decode the five key things to remember in this guide to rug piles. The length is measured using a small ruler or measuring device going from the top surface of the backing to the very top of the pile. Here’s a list… 1. But knowing the Carpet Face-weight is more important than knowing the Total Carpet Weight. But many people don’t know why some carpets seem to be cozier than others. For example, we all know that commercial grade carpets usually have a very short pile height and have a dense pile. Don’t include the carpet backing, just the soft fibers from the backing up. High – ½ to ¾ inch. You can also find cut-loop carpets, which use a combination of the two types to create designs and sculptured effects. Carpet comes in two basic types of pile: cut and loop. Pile is simply the soft surface that rises from the backing. When determining the quality and durability of carpet, start by finding out its pile height and face weight. You’ll see why in a minute. A lot of carpet problems stem from poor installation. Any time you need a flooring calculator to assess the scope of a carpet flooring project, remember Lowe’s has you covered. Weight x 36 ÷ pile height is the recipe for success used in offices, airports and banks across. 35 to 40 oz actual height of the pile shag pile a fraction of an inch reflected... 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