Solidago caesia is an interesting goldenrod for a variety of garden styles: open woodland garden, border, cottage or butterfly garden. 1923. These hairs develop early and can even be seen when plants are in flower. Solidago caesia Common Name: Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod Plant Type: perennial Family: Aster family (Asteraceae) Height: 1½–3' Bloom color: golden yellow Bloom Time: late summer into fall Sun: medium shade to partial sun Water: mesic to dry-mesic This distinctive goldenrod is both elegant and shade tolerant. This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp. Flower Type: Golden flowerheads appear at the axils of the middle to upper leaves in August to September, in clusters of 1 – 12 and sometimes at the end of the central stem … Rust can be an infrequent problem. Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) Further, I permitted a bean plant to vine over it. Solidago ulmifolia Elm-leaved Goldenrod. The stems are clothed in oblong leaves that gradually become smaller as the stems rise. Bluestem Goldenrod is a Wildlflower in the Asteraceae family. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. It is a very forgiving plant … Solidago Species: caesia Family: Asteraceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Central and eastern North America Fire Risk Rating: medium flammability Wildlife Value: This plant supports Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata) larvae. Height: 1 to 3 feet. are wrongfully accused of causing allergies. S. caesia. ... (Solidago caesia) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). In October, delicate arching stems are covered with tiny yellow flower clusters that attract fall pollinators. It forms attractive loose clumps with arching stems and long, thin leaves. Phonetic Spelling so-li-DAY-go Description. Small clusters of bright yellow flowers form in the leaf axils for about half the stem's length. TRIVIA:  Native bees, wasps and pollinating flies seek nectar and pollen from the flowers. Solidago, or Goldenrod, is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the aster family with up to 120 species and numerous cultivars.Goldenrod is easy to grow in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Solidago is also a key nectar plant for Monarchs and other butterflies. The flowers are done and seeds are forming (mid September). form a strategic partnership called N.C. This speices does not spread as rapidly or aggressively as some other goldenrods. If a substitute is needed, Solidago flexicaulis is another woodland goldenrod with similar height and habitat needs. Solidago caesia, commonly named blue-stemmed goldenrod, wreath goldenrod, or woodland goldenrod, is a flowering plant native to North America. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. All rights reserved. The plants that do cause allergies and hayfever have lightweight wind borne pollen that is easily inhaled. ex Poir. Solidago caesia Growing and Maintenance Tips. Solidago caesia. How many years will it be until I may see flowers. simplex, Perdita (Perdita) octomaculata, Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosus, Colletes simulans, and Colletes solidaginis. $3.00 - $50.00. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. Scientific Name: Solidago caesia: Synonym: Family: Asteraceae: Common Name: Blue-stemmed Goldenrod: Authority: Linneaus: Etymology: Solidago = Latin for "to heal" and caesia = Latin for "light blue" Missouri Botanical Garden webpage for Solidago caesia . This woodland species tolerates some shade, but blooms best in full sun. A clump-forming species that is … paniculata A.Gray; Solidago gracilis hort.par. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to From August through early autumn, this handsome native is covered with clusters of tiny daisy-like flowers that bloom all along the blue-green stems (thus the name). Nat. Songbirds eat the seeds. Best used at the woodland's edge on in a shaded butterfly or wild garden. Stem color in mature plants has a dark, somewhat bluish tone. $3.00 - $10.00. From late summer into fall plants are graced with yellow axillary flower racemes. Thanks. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of pollen. FIRST IMPRESSIONS:  Solidago caesia is a perennial wildflower with arching blue-green stems. Noteworthy Characteristics. Each achene is attached to a small fluffy pappus that allows the seed to be distributed by the wind. Genus: Solidago goldenrod. Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. LANDSCAPE USES:  This goldenrod is a good choice for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. N.C. Blue-stem goldenrodNews Flash: Not all goldenrods flowers cause allergies. Solidago caesia forma axillaris Solidago caesia Linnaeus, forma axillaris (Pursh) House, Bull. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. As I was writing this post I remembered that I’d seen a similar plant in an area where I have clay soil, full sun and a drainage issue. Fertile florets mature into small oblong achenes. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of pollen. Solidago caesia var. A. Solidago, commonly called goldenrods, is a genus of about 100 to 120 species of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae.Most are herbaceous perennial species found in open areas such as meadows, prairies, and savannas. Solidago caesia has Showy Blooms and can be used in Cottage Gardens, Deer Resistant Plantings, Water-wise Landscapes, Low Maintenance Plantings, Meadows, Perennial Borders, Roadsides and Restoration Projects. They can be grown in either sunny or partially shaded parts of the garden that have good drainage. In order to identify some species, you will need to look for hairs on the seeds. I found this growing under the deck in an area that doesn’t get much sun (and isn’t easy to access). This plant has no children Legal Status. asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) I planted it in the most impoverished clay soil, though certainly well drained. A lovely goldenrod for shady gardens and landscapes. COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS:  At woods edge try pairing Solidago caesia with Aster cordifolius, Chasmanthium latifolium, Chrysogonum virginianum, Eupatorium colestinum, Heliopsis helianthoides or Amsonia hubrichtii. Goldenrods — Blue-stem goldenrod (Solidago caesia) Seeds. The flowerheads are about 1/8’ across and each contains 4-5 ray florets surrounding 4-5 disc flowers. Bluestem goldenrod is moderately deer resistant. 2010 – Bluestem Goldenrod. Blooms from August to October. This one is a fine cut flower, is attractive to many insects, and the seeds are popular with birds. P: 888-998-1951 | F: 888-998-1952, Get Wild, Grow Native ... Not many flowers tolerate dry shade! Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. Typically growing in part shade at the edges of woodlands, these plants can grow up to 3 feet in height. Propagate by seed or division. Songbirds eat the seeds. Solidago is very attractive to butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and other small birds because of its sweet nectar and seeds. Zones: 4-8. Once sown, lightly cover the golden rod seeds. Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Wreath Goldenrod features small yellow flowers, which bloom August-September. According to NPIN, Solidago caesia has special value to native and honey bees, and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the garden. Note that the stem is not blue on this plant. Individuals occasionally form small colonies from underground rhizomes or self-seeding. Solidago caesia is an interesting goldenrod for a variety of garden styles: open woodland garden, border, cottage or butterfly garden. The stem leaves are alternate gradually becoming smaller as the stems rise. Herbarium Name Used: Solidago caesia L. x latifolia L. 2/7/2009 - David Werier Tompkins: 1915: BH – BH 000 010 770 Herbarium Name Used: Solidago caesia L. x latifolia L. 2/7/2009 - … In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower. All Images Enlarge Image. Bluestem goldenrod is a lovely native wildflower with dark green foliage, dark blue stems, and small yellow flower heads. Many insects find this Goldenrod a source of nectar and pollen. Blue to purple stem; 2-5 in. braccata, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensis, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. This plant blooms its showy cluster in the late fall. are wrongfully accused of causing allergies. Solidago caesia and S. flexicaulis are woodland goldenrods with flowers that originate in the leaf axils. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of late-season pollen. ... Solidago caesia Blue-stemmed Goldenrod. It is an herbaceous perennial that grows 3 feet tall with showy clusters of yellow flowers that hug greenish-purple stems in the summer and early fall. Plants grow 1.5-3’ tall with 1-1.5’ spread. Solidago caesia L. – wreath goldenrod Subordinate Taxa. Solidago caesia. Site produced by Clarity Connect, Inc, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOCA4. In dense shade stems may arch or bend so that pruning may be needed. Solidago patula Swamp Goldenrod. Q Peg • May 27 I started Showy Goldenrod seeds this spring and want to set them in the garden soon. PLANT DESCRIPTION:  Solidago caesia is a clumping perennial wildflower that branches occasionally in the plant’s upper half. Solidago caesia is drought tolerant and somewhat unpalatable to deer and rabbits. Flowering and form are best with 3 hours or so of sun. Wreath Goldenrod does not spread aggressively, as do some other species of goldenrod. BASIONYM: Solidago axillaris Pursh 1814. Solidago caesia, commonly called blue-stemmed goldenrod or wreath goldenrod, is a Missouri native woodland perennial which occurs in woods, bluff ledges and bluff bases in the southern Ozark regions of the State.Typically grows 1.5-3' tall on arching, glabrous, wiry, greenish-purple stems which are covered with a silvery-white waxy bloom that can be rubbed off. They are mostly native to North America, including Mexico; a few species are native to South America and Eurasia. It can form small colonies, but is not remotely invasive. Tolerant of poor, dry soils and is somewhat drought tolerant once established. Common names are from state and federal lists. $ 4.25. HABITAT & HARDINESS:  Solidago caesia occurs through central and eastern North America from Quebec and Ontario to Florida and Texas. This plant supports Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata) larvae. Bloom: Late Summer, Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall. Hist. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Every autumn Solidago spp. 243/244: 62. The central stem usually leans over to one side; it is terete, glabrous, and light green while young, however sometimes it becomes blue-gray or burgundy-gray and glaucous with age. From late summer to fall, short racemes of 1-12 golden flowerheads occur along the stems in the upper leaf axils. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod is a well-behaved woodland species. ex DC. Songbirds eat the seeds. Plants host caterpillars of several moth species. Solidago caesia is one of the most elegant of goldenrods. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Lower leaves are up to 5” long and ¾” across. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS:  Solidago caesia is a woodland goldenrod that prospers in mesic or dry soils. It works well planted in a native garden, cottage, butterfly, or woodland garden. S. flexicaulis occurs in lower woods and wider leaves with petioles and both terminal and axillary inflorescences. Prefers moist, well-drained soils in part sun to shade. Our goldenrod varieties are insect pollinated and have heavy sticky pollen. $3.00. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The flower nectar provides an important food source for native bees, honeybees, and butterflies. This goldenrod is usually found in quality upland woods where oaks or other deciduous trees dominate. Not only are the flowers beautiful, but the leaves turn from … Stems are green and smooth when young becoming bluish or purplish with age. Scattered clusters of tiny yellow flowers with 3-5 rays form in axils of leaves along the length of the stem with terminal clusters being the largest. Seed are eaten by songbirds and White-tailed Deer graze on the foliage. Go Botany Key to Solidago caesia. How to Grow Golden Rod (Solidago)When growing Solidago plant species such as Golden Rod outdoors from seed then either sow before the last frost of spring or towards the end of autumn. Its blueish to purplish, gently arching stems are covered in their entirety with loose clusters of bright yellow flowers, the highest concentration of which occurs toward the tips. On Oct 24, 2006, solidago_caesia from Pittsburgh, PA wrote: This plant has thrived under fairly challenging circumstances. 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