[47] He levied taxes on lawsuits, weddings and prostitution. Suetonius. [16] According to historians, Caligula was an excellent natural actor and, recognizing danger, hid all his resentment towards Tiberius. [40], In 38, Caligula focused his attention on political and public reform. “The rise and fall of the notorious Roman Emperor Caligula, showing the violent methods that he employs to gain the throne, and the subsequent insanity of his reign – he gives his horse political office and humiliates and executes anyone who even slightly displeases him. Suetonius wrote his history on Caligula 80 years after his death, while Cassius Dio wrote his history over 180 years after Caligula's death. [153] The claim has been met with scepticism by Cambridge historian Mary Beard. It is not listed in the top 1000 names. [11] Agrippina and Caligula's brother, Nero, were banished in 29 on charges of treason. What does Caligula expression mean? original name Gaius Caesar, son of Germanicus. [5], As a boy of just two or three, Gaius accompanied his father, Germanicus, on campaigns in the north of Germania. [124] By the time Caligula's loyal Germanic guard responded, the Emperor was already dead. AVG. Fabius Rusticus was a friend of Seneca who was known for historical embellishment and misrepresentation. Germanicus' uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14. [79] "Seashells", or conchae in Latin, may be a metaphor for something else such as female genitalia (perhaps the troops visited brothels) or boats (perhaps they captured several small British boats). We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! [68] Additionally, Tiberius' treason trials had eliminated a number of pro-Julian senators such as Asinius Gallus. [45] Caligula's political payments for support, generosity and extravagance had exhausted the state's treasury. Information and translations of caligula in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Born Gaius Julius Caesar (not to be confused with Gaius Julius Caesar), Caligula was a member of the house of rulers conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. When he arrived at the age of manhood he endured fatigue tolerably well. [20] Meanwhile, both Caligula's mother and his brother Drusus died in prison. There are few surviving sources on Caligula and none of them paints Caligula in a favourable light. [34], Caligula's first acts were said to be generous in spirit, though many were political in nature. [29] Caligula is described as the first emperor who was admired by everyone in "all the world, from the rising to the setting sun. [137], All surviving sources, except Pliny the Elder, characterize Caligula as insane. Caligula, also known as Gaius, was Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD. [99] In response, Caligula ordered the erection of a statue of himself in the Jewish Temple of Jerusalem,[100] a demand in conflict with Jewish monotheism. Aldrete, Gregory. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Archaeologists unearth place where Emperor Caligula met his end", "The True Colours Of Greek and Roman Statues By Archaeologist Vinzenz Brinkmann", "Caligula's tomb found after police arrest man trying to smuggle statue", "Roman Empire Caligula The Mad Emperor Netflix release date, cast, trailer, plot", "The Smiths – Heaven Knows I'm Miserable Now", The portrait of Caligula in the Digital Sculpture Project, Caligula Attempts to Conquer Britain in AD 40, Entdeckung der blauen Grotte auf der Insel Capri, Capri Hollywood International Film Festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caligula&oldid=993968012, Roman emperors murdered by the Praetorian Guard, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Caligula is a character in the 2015 NBC series, "It's Just My Little Tribute to Caligula, Darling!" 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