By law, the apothecary was supposed to supply medicines, rather than prescribe them. The insights to be gained from such an approach are many. These were known as inkhorn terms (an inkhorn being ‘a small portable vessel, originally made of horn, for holding writing-ink’). Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) began to be studied during this period. Welcome to The Early Modern Commons. The major foreign policy issue was the trade rivalry with the Dutch, leading to the inconclusive Second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665-67. Nevertheless it had the effect of introducing a historical understanding of the English language and paved the way for later etymological and philological investigation. The only positive result was the acquisition of new Netherland, which became New York. His followers carried the attack much further. Ye shall therfore take the vsual speach of the Court, and that of London and the shires lying about London within lx. "On revisionism: an analysis of early Stuart historiography in the 1970s and 1980s. Middle English manuscripts, even copies of the same work, differ linguistically from one another to a greater or lesser degree. In North America, France's future as a colonial power there was effectively ended with the ceding of New France to Britain (leaving a sizeable French-speaking population under British control) and Louisiana to Spain. The extent of the disaster impacted throughout Scotland because of the large numbers killed, and once again Scotland's government lay in the hands of regents. This caused a general development of the country's culture. The Elizabethan Age is viewed so highly because of the contrasts with the periods before and after. The term, "English Renaissance" is used by many historians to refer to a cultural movement in England in the 16th and 17th centuries that was heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance. Charles II in exile paid close attention to the developments and readied himself to take the throne. The era extends to around 1500. [42] Most of the slave trade involved sales to Spanish colonies in the Caribbean, and to Mexico, as well as sales to British colonies in the Caribbean and in North America. James I was a major proponent of this idea and wrote extensively on it. ", CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, confiscating the property of the monasteries, declared the independence of the United States, La Compagnie française des Indes orientales, British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Early_modern_Britain&oldid=987129939, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Burgess, Glenn. In England she became a focal point for Catholic conspirators and was eventually executed on the orders of her kinswoman Elizabeth I. A high degree of spoken regional variety still existed and was generally recognized. Apothecaries were medical retailers. The South Sea Bubble was a business enterprise that exploded in scandal. Bob Harris, "The Anglo Scottish Treaty of Union, 1707 in 2007: Defending the Revolution, Defeating the Jacobites". His chief minister Robert Walpole managed to wind it down with minimal political and economic damage, although some losers fled to exile or committed suicide. They were one of a number of nonconformist dissenting groups that emerged around this time. Assessing the influence of the King James Bible (1611), Varieties of English: World English and the OED, Lex in the City: reflections on a year in the North American Editorial Unit, there’s a growing list of commentaries on, the early modern period witnessed a huge expansion of the English language: the, Sign up for Word of the Day, delivered daily to your in-box, using the sign-up box in the right hand panel. 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